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In the descriptions of the following functions,
z is the complex number x + iy, where i is
defined as sqrt (-1)
.
Compute the magnitude of z.
The magnitude is defined as
|z| = sqrt (x^2 + y^2)
.
For example:
abs (3 + 4i) ⇒ 5
See also: arg.
Compute the argument, i.e., angle of z.
This is defined as,
theta = atan2 (y, x)
,
in radians.
For example:
arg (3 + 4i) ⇒ 0.92730
See also: abs.
Return the complex conjugate of z.
The complex conjugate is defined as
conj (z)
= x - iy.
Sort the numbers z into complex conjugate pairs ordered by increasing real part.
The negative imaginary complex numbers are placed first within each pair.
All real numbers (those with
abs (imag (z)) / abs (z) < tol
) are placed after
the complex pairs.
tol is a weighting factor in the range [0, 1) which determines the
tolerance of the matching. The default value is 100 * eps
and the
resulting tolerance for a given complex pair is
tol * abs (z(i)))
.
By default the complex pairs are sorted along the first non-singleton dimension of z. If dim is specified, then the complex pairs are sorted along this dimension.
Signal an error if some complex numbers could not be paired. Signal an error if all complex numbers are not exact conjugates (to within tol). Note that there is no defined order for pairs with identical real parts but differing imaginary parts.
cplxpair (exp (2i*pi*[0:4]'/5)) == exp (2i*pi*[3; 2; 4; 1; 0]/5)
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